Mgahinga National Park, Uganda

Mgahinga National Park, located in southwestern Uganda, may not have the same level of fame as some of its East African counterparts, but it is a remarkable natural treasure that’s waiting to be discovered. This protected area is a haven for biodiversity and boasts stunning landscapes that attract adventure seekers, conservation enthusiasts, and those interested in cultural heritage.

Prepare to explore Mgahinga National Park, where we will delve into its diverse wildlife, breathtaking landscapes, and the one-of-a-kind adventures that await. Whether you’re a seasoned traveler or a passionate nature enthusiast, Mgahinga National Park promises an indelible opportunity to immerse yourself in Uganda’s unspoiled natural wonders.

About Mgahinga National Park, Uganda

Where is Mgahinga National Park located?

Mgahinga National Park, situated in Uganda’s southwestern region, shares borders with Rwanda’s Volcanoes National Park to the west and the Virunga National Park in the Democratic Republic of Congo to the south.

This strategic location plays a vital role in transboundary conservation efforts and offers travelers a unique opportunity to explore a diverse crossroads region.

How to get to Mgahinga National Park in Uganda

What is the size of Mgahinga National Park?

Mgahinga National Park occupies a relatively small area of approximately 33.7 square kilometers (13 square miles).

Despite its compact size, the park features three prominent volcanoes – Mount Muhabura, Mount Gahinga, and Mount Sabyinyo – that define its landscape. These dormant volcanoes provide a picturesque backdrop to the park’s various ecosystems, which range from bamboo-covered lower slopes to lush montane forests that support rare plant and animal species.

What is the main attraction in Mgahinga National Park?

There are various attractions that bring tourists to Mgahinga National Park every year, as follows:

Mountain gorillas: Undoubtedly, the crown jewel of Mgahinga National Park is its population of mountain gorillas. These majestic creatures find sanctuary within the park’s lush montane forests. Here, in the shadow of towering volcanoes, visitors embark on thrilling and deeply moving gorilla treks. It’s a once-in-a-lifetime opportunity to witness these magnificent beings up close, observing their social interactions, nurturing instincts, and intricate family dynamics in their natural habitat.

Golden monkeys: The park is also a haven for the rare and captivating golden monkeys. Guided golden monkey tracking excursions lead visitors through dense bamboo forests, where these playful primates entertain with their acrobatics and charming personalities.

Avian paradise: Bird enthusiasts will find themselves in a paradise of feathers and songs within Mgahinga’s boundaries. The park is home to a diverse array of bird species, including sunbirds, Rwenzori turacos, and the elusive Albertine rift endemics. As you explore its varied habitats, your ears will be serenaded by the melodious tunes of these feathered denizens, making it a bird-watcher’s dream come true.

Is there an entrance fee to Mgahinga National Park?

Yes. The entrance fees are typically set by the Uganda Wildlife Authority (UWA), and they can vary depending on factors such as your nationality, the type of activity you plan to undertake within the park, and whether you are a foreign non-resident, a foreign resident, or a Ugandan citizen.

It’s important to note that these fees can change over time, therefore, it would be worth checking the official Mgahinga National Park website before you visit to gain the latest information on entrance fees and permit costs for activities like gorilla trekking or golden monkey tracking.

giraffe Mgahinga National Park

Getting There

Getting to Mgahinga National Park in Uganda involves several transportation options, and the choice depends on your starting point, budget, and preferences. Here’s how to reach the park:

By air

Entebbe International Airport (EBB): Most international travelers arrive in Uganda via Entebbe International Airport, located near the capital city, Kampala.

Kigali International Airport (KGL): If you’re coming from Rwanda, you can also consider flying into Kigali International Airport, which is relatively close to the park.

From Entebbe or Kampala to Mgahinga:

After arriving at Entebbe International Airport or in Kampala, you have the option to take a domestic flight to Kisoro, the nearest town to Mgahinga. Flights are available from Entebbe to Kisoro Airstrip, and the journey takes approximately 1-1.5 hours.

Alternatively, you can choose to travel by road. The road journey from Kampala to Kisoro is approximately 8-10 hours, depending on road conditions and traffic. You can hire a private driver or use a tour operator for this long-distance drive.

From Kigali to Mgahinga:

If you arrive in Kigali, Rwanda, you can also travel to the park by road. The drive from Kigali to Kisoro takes approximately 3-4 hours, and you can hire a private vehicle or use a tour operator for the journey.

Ensure you have the necessary visas and permits for crossing the border between Rwanda and Uganda.

Local transport

Once you reach Kisoro, you can hire a local taxi or arrange transportation through your accommodation to reach the park’s entrance. The drive from Kisoro to Mgahinga National Park typically takes around 30-45 minutes.

Guided Tours

Many travelers choose to visit Mgahinga National Park as part of guided tours, which is something that we can offer. You won’t have to worry about a thing, as our tours include transportation, permits for gorilla trekking or other activities, and accommodations, making the logistics of your trip stress-free.

Elephants in Mgahinga National Park, Uganda

When to visit

The optimal time for a visit to Mgahinga National Park in Uganda typically aligns with the dry seasons, which are regarded as the peak tourist seasons owing to their favorable weather conditions. To provide more detailed guidance, let’s delve into when it’s best to plan your visit:

  • June to September (Mid-Year Dry Season): This period is often regarded as the best time to visit Mgahinga National Park. The weather is relatively dry, and the skies are clear, providing excellent visibility for trekking and wildlife viewing. June to September is especially ideal for gorilla trekking, as the trails are less muddy, and the gorillas are more accessible. However, it’s also the high tourist season, so accommodations and permits may be in higher demand.
  • December to February (Late-Year Dry Season): This is another excellent time to visit Mgahinga National Park. Similar to the mid-year dry season, the weather is generally dry, and the conditions are favorable for gorilla trekking and other outdoor activities. The landscapes are lush and green from the previous rainy season, creating a beautiful backdrop for your adventures.
  • March to May (Wet Season): This is the rainy season in Mgahinga National Park, and while it’s considered the low tourist season, it has its own appeal. The park is lush and green, and birdwatching enthusiasts will appreciate the abundance of avian species during this time. Keep in mind that trekking conditions can be challenging due to muddy trails, so be prepared for more strenuous hikes.
MGNP golden monkey

Golden monkey trekking

What are golden monkeys, and why are they special?

Golden monkeys (Cercopithecus kandti) are a rare and endangered species of Old World monkeys known for their striking golden fur. They are only found in the Virunga Massif, which includes Mgahinga National Park, making this location one of the very few places in the world where you can encounter them in their natural habitat.

Are there age restrictions for golden monkey trekking?

Yes. The minimum age requirement is 12 years old. These guidelines are put in place to ensure that participants have the physical capability to handle the trek and to minimize any potential disturbance to the monkeys and their habitat.

Are there any rules in place while golden monkey trekking?

Yes. There are several rules that visitors must adhere to while golden money tracking as follows:

No feeding: Golden monkeys are wild animals and should not become reliant on human food.

No littering: Dispose of your garbage properly to maintain the natural environment of Mgahinga forest, safeguarding not only golden monkeys but also other wildlife like mountain gorillas.

Flash-free photography: While taking photos is allowed, please use cameras without flash to avoid startling the monkeys and the surrounding wildlife.

Respectful distance: Maintain a respectful distance from golden monkeys upon sighting them. Avoid attempting to attract them with food items like bananas; these primates should rely on natural foraging.

No smoking: Refrain from smoking in the presence of golden monkeys, as it may tempt them to approach and could have adverse effects on their well-being.

Consider health: If you are feeling unwell or have a contagious illness, it’s advisable to stay behind to prevent the potential transmission of infections to golden monkeys or other primates, which could harm wildlife.

Keep quiet: Maintain a quiet demeanor, speaking softly and avoiding loud noises during your encounter with golden monkeys. These agile primates are sensitive to loud sounds and may become startled.

Things to do Mgahinga National Park in Uganda

Other things to do

Mgahinga National Park in Uganda presents a plethora of captivating activities and experiences tailored for nature enthusiasts and adventure seekers. Here are some of the top things to do in the park:

1. Gorilla trekking

The park’s main attraction is gorilla trekking, an extraordinary opportunity to venture into the forest and observe and interact with wild mountain gorillas in their natural habitat.

Pro Tip: Book the permits for your gorilla trekking tour in advance, around 3-6 months earlier to get the sector of your liking. This is because gorilla tracking is quite a popular activity, and permits get snatched up fast.

2. Hiking and volcano climbing

Explore three imposing volcanoes – Mount Muhabura, Mount Gahinga, and Mount Sabyinyo. Summiting these volcanoes is a challenging but rewarding adventure, with panoramic views and a profound sense of achievement awaiting you.

3. Bird watching

Mgahinga National Park is a birdwatcher’s paradise. Its diverse habitats host a multitude of bird species, including rare Albertine Rift endemics and migratory birds. Don’t forget your binoculars and a birding guidebook.

4. Nature walks and forest trails

Some programs allow visitors to join researchers in tracking lions, contributing to conservation efforts, and learning about these majestic animals’ behaviour and habitat.

5. Cultural experiences

The indigenous Batwa people, who once inhabited the Mgahinga forests, offer cultural encounters and guided tours of their community. They still live as they used to centuries ago. So you can get an authentic feel of how they live, enjoy their cultural dances (that you can take part in), and also, take photos with them. You’ll also get to see the caves where they used to live before the area was classed as a national park and they were asked to move.


Mgahinga National Park offers a variety of accommodation options to suit different preferences and budgets, as follows:

Volcanoes Mount Gahinga Lodge: This luxury lodge is located just outside the park boundaries and offers stunning views of the Virunga volcanoes. It provides comfortable rooms, a restaurant serving both local and international cuisine, and a cozy lounge area.

Amajambere Iwacu Community Camp: This community-run camp offers budget-friendly accommodation options, including dormitories, cottages, and camping facilities. While here, you have the opportunity to interact with the local Batwa community and learn about their culture.

Kisoro Travelers Rest Hotel: Located in Kisoro, which is the nearest town to Mgahinga National Park, this hotel offers comfortable rooms, a restaurant, and a bar. It’s a convenient choice for those looking for mid-range accommodation options.

Golden Monkey Guest House: This budget-friendly guesthouse is located in Kisoro town and provides basic but comfortable accommodation.

Camping: Mgahinga National Park also offers designated campsites where you can pitch your tent and immerse yourself in the wilderness. Campsites are usually basic, so be prepared for a more rugged experience.

When planning your stay in Mgahing, it’s advisable to make reservations in advance, especially during the high tourist season, to ensure availability.

Book your trip to the Mgahinga National Park today!

From the enchanting golden monkey treks to the breathtaking landscapes and cultural encounters with the Batwa people, Mgahinga offers a rich tapestry of experiences for travelers of all kinds.

To start your own unforgettable journey, why not enquire about a once-in-a-lifetime Ugandan vacation?

Start your expedition today and get lost in the natural beauty of Mgahinga National Park.


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