Lake Mburo in Uganda

Nestled in the heart of the captivating East African nation of Uganda, Lake Mburo stands as a hidden gem among the country’s abundant natural wonders. This enchanting freshwater lake, which covers an area of approximately 250 square kilometers, offers a serene and picturesque escape for both nature enthusiasts and keen travelers alike.

About Lake Mburo, Uganda

Surrounded by rolling hills, lush savannah, and acacia woodlands, Lake Mburo National Park boasts a unique blend of diverse ecosystems that create a haven for an astonishing array of wildlife.

The history of Lake Mburo

Lake Mburo – situated within Lake Mburo National Park in Uganda – holds a history that encompasses geological, ecological, and human dimensions.

In terms of its geological past, the lake is one of the older bodies of water in East Africa, with its formation dating back millions of years. It is situated within the western branch of the East African Rift System, a geological phenomenon responsible for shaping the region’s landscape over eons.

Ecologically, Lake Mburo and its surrounding ecosystems have evolved gradually over time, resulting in a diverse and distinctive habitat. The Lake Mburo National Park features a mosaic of landscapes, including grasslands, acacia woodlands, wetlands, and savannahs, which have developed over centuries. This variety of habitats has attracted and sustained a wide range of wildlife.

The human history of the Lake Mburo region is deeply intertwined with its natural environment. Indigenous communities, such as the Bahima and Ankole, have inhabited the area for generations. They have practiced traditional cattle herding and agriculture, fostering a close connection with the land and its resources.

In regards to conservation, Lake Mburo’s modern journey in Uganda began in the early 20th century when it was designated as a game reserve during the British colonial era. Eventually, in 1983, it earned the status of a national park. This transition aimed to safeguard the unique biodiversity found within its boundaries, including various animal and bird species. Conservation efforts have since been dedicated to preserving the park’s diverse ecosystems while striking a balance between wildlife conservation and the needs of local communities.

Over the years, Lake Mburo National Park has faced a range of challenges, including poaching, habitat degradation, and human-wildlife conflicts. Conservation strategies have encompassed community engagement, tourism development, and measures to protect wildlife. Initiatives like anti-poaching patrols and community-based conservation programs have been implemented to ensure the safeguarding of the park’s natural assets.

Today, Lake Mburo and its national park stand as pivotal components of Uganda’s conservation efforts and thriving tourism industry. Collaborative efforts between conservationists and local communities persist in preserving the park’s distinct ecosystems for the benefit of present and future generations.

Where is Lake Mburo located?

Lake Mburo is situated in the southwestern region of Uganda, close to the town of Mbarara. The lake is a prominent feature of Lake Mburo National Park, which spans approximately 370 square kilometers.

Lake Mburo National Park is renowned for its unspoiled wilderness, attracting visitors eager to explore its pristine environment and rich biodiversity. This protected area serves as a habitat for a wide range of wildlife and serves as an important ecological asset in the region.

What is unique about Lake Mburo?

Lake Mburo National Park is the only national park in Uganda that encompasses extensive wetland habitats, making it a vital refuge for numerous aquatic species, migratory birds, and wetland-dependent flora and fauna. Furthermore, the park’s topographical diversity is equally remarkable, featuring a blend of rolling hills, vast savannah plains, and scattered woodlands.

The coexistence of the diverse ecosystems fosters an exceptional range of wildlife. Visitors to Lake Mburo National Park can observe zebras grazing on the open plains, herds of impalas darting through acacia woodlands, and buffaloes congregating near water sources. Hippos can be seen basking in the shallows of the lake, while crocodiles patrol its depths.

Lake Mburo’s uniqueness extends to its avian population, with over 350 bird species documented in the park. Birdwatchers are drawn to this destination from across the globe. The wetlands, in particular, serve as a fertile habitat for waterfowl and wading birds, creating a birding haven where enthusiasts can spot a diverse array of feathered species in their natural environment.

Hippo pod relaxing Lake Mburo

How deep is Lake Mburo?

Lake Mburo is a relatively shallow lake. Its depth can vary depending on the specific location and water levels, which can fluctuate seasonally. On average, it has a depth ranging from about 3 meters (approximately 10 feet) to 5 meters (approximately 16 feet).

However, during the rainy season, the water levels in the lake can rise, increasing its depth temporarily. Despite its low water level, the lake is an essential and vibrant ecosystem that supports a variety of aquatic life, including fish, hippos, crocodiles, and numerous bird species.

Is Lake Mburo safe for swimming?

Swimming in Lake Mburo is unsafe due to the presence of hippos and crocodiles. While these animals may seem calm from a distance, they can be very dangerous. But you can enjoy the lake from afar, take in the views from designated spots, or go on a safe boat cruise for a closer look at the wildlife.

fishing in lake mburo national park

Can you go fishing in Lake Mburo?

Yes, fishing is allowed in Lake Mburo, but it’s subject to specific regulations set by the Uganda Wildlife Authority (UWA), as follows:

  • Fishing permits: You’ll need to obtain a fishing permit from the Uganda Wildlife Authority. These permits are typically available at the park’s entrance or designated offices.
  • Designated fishing areas: Fishing is only allowed in designated areas of Lake Mburo National Park. You must adhere to these specified locations to fish legally.
  • Fishing season: There may be specific fishing seasons and times of day when fishing is permitted. Be sure to check with the UWA or park authorities for current regulations and fishing schedules.
  • Catch limits: There may be catch limits in place to protect the lake’s ecosystem. Make sure you’re aware of any restrictions on the number and type of fish you can catch and keep.
  • Catch and release: In some areas, catch and release fishing might be encouraged or required to preserve the fish population.
  • Fishing fees: There may be additional fees associated with fishing in Lake Mburo. Ensure you pay any applicable fees and obtain the necessary permits.

Please note that fishing regulations and guidelines can change, so it’s essential to check with the Uganda Wildlife Authority or the official Lake Mburo National Park website for the most up-to-date information and requirements before planning a fishing trip to Lake Mburo.

Is there an entrance fee to Lake Mburo National Park?

Yes, there are park fees for Lake Mburo National Park visitors. These fees are essential for supporting the park’s conservation efforts and maintenance. The specific fees can vary depending on your nationality and residency status.

Typically, there are entrance fees for both foreign non-residents and foreign residents, with reduced rates for East African residents from Uganda, Kenya, Tanzania, Rwanda, and Burundi.

Vehicle fees may apply if you’re bringing a vehicle into the park, and there are additional fees for guided activities like game drives, boat safaris, and guided nature walks. Camping fees are also applicable for those planning to camp within the park.

It’s crucial to check with the Uganda Wildlife Authority (UWA) or the official Lake Mburo National Park website for the most up-to-date fee information before your visit to ensure compliance with the current rates and regulations.

travelling via private vehicle to lake mburo

Getting To The Lake Mburo

The most common route to get to Lake Mburo is from the capital city of Kampala. Here are the general steps to reach Lake Mburo…

Start your journey in Kampala, Uganda’s capital:

Depending on your preference and budget, you can use different modes of transportation.

Private vehicle

Renting a car or hiring a driver is a convenient option. The journey takes approximately 3-4 hours.

Public transportation

You can take a bus or matatu (shared taxi) from Kampala to Mbarara. From Mbarara, you can hire a taxi or take a local bus to the park. This option may take longer but is more budget-friendly.

Drive or ride to Lake Mburo:

  • If you’re driving or have hired a driver, follow the road to Mbarara.
  • Once in Mbarara, you’ll need to head south towards Sanga Gate, which is one of the park’s main entrances. It’s approximately 30-40 kilometers from Mbarara to Sanga Gate.

Tour operators and travel agencies:

You can also consider booking a guided tour or transportation package through travel agencies or tour operators. They can help arrange transportation, accommodations, and activities for your visit to Lake Mburo.

When Is the Best Time To Visit Lake Mburo National Park?

Determining the ideal time for a visit to Lake Mburo National Park in Uganda depends on your preferences for climate and wildlife observation. The park remains accessible year-round, and the choice of the best time depends on the following factors:

  • Dry Season (June to August and December to February): Considered the optimal period to explore Lake Mburo, the dry season offers comfortable, relatively cool weather for outdoor activities. Wildlife enthusiasts benefit from this season as animals tend to congregate around water sources, enhancing wildlife spotting opportunities. Moreover, this time is particularly favorable for birdwatching, thanks to the presence of migratory bird species.
  • Wet Season (March to May and September to November): The wet season means you’ll experience more rainfall, but this results in lush, green landscapes. This period coincides with the birthing season for many wildlife species, providing the chance to see baby animals in their natural habitat. Birdwatching remains a rewarding activity; however, wildlife observation may be more challenging since animals disperse to seek water across the park.
birdwatching at lake mburo national park in uganda

Things to do in Lake Mburo National Park

Lake Mburo National Park offers a variety of activities for visitors to enjoy and immerse themselves in the park’s natural beauty and wildlife. Some of the main activities you can experience around Lake Mburo include:

Game Drives

Guided game drives in the park provide an opportunity to spot a wide range of wildlife, including zebras, impalas, buffaloes, hippos, giraffes, leopards, hyenas, and various antelope species.

Boat Safaries

Taking a boat safari on the lake is a must-do activity, to see the park from a whole new perspective. It allows you to get close to hippos, crocodiles, and various water birds while enjoying the stunning scenery.


Lake Mburo National Park is a paradise for birdwatchers, with over 350 bird species recorded. You can go birdwatching either on your own or with a knowledgeable guide to spot waterfowl, raptors, and other avian species.

Guided nature walks

Joining guided nature walks provides an opportunity to explore the park on foot. Accompanied by an experienced ranger or guide, you can learn about the park’s flora, fauna, and smaller wildlife species that might be missed during a game drive.


There are designated hiking trails within the park, offering scenic walks through the rolling hills and woodlands.

Horseback Riding

For a unique and adventurous experience, you can go horseback riding within the park, accompanied by trained guides.

Cultural Encounters

Lake Mburo National Park is located near several traditional Ankole and Bahima communities. You can arrange cultural visits to learn about the local cultures, traditional cattle herding, and interact with community members.


Due to its relatively remote location, Lake Mburo National Park offers excellent conditions for stargazing. Underneath this canopy of stars, visitors can engage in awe-inspiring stargazing sessions, whether it’s identifying familiar constellations or simply contemplating the vastness of the cosmos.

Remember to follow park regulations, respect the wildlife, and prioritize safety during your activities in Lake Mburo. Some activities may require advance booking or the services of a knowledgeable guide, so it’s a good idea to plan your itinerary ahead of time.

watching stars in lake mburo national park

Where To Stay in Uganda Near Lake Mburo NP?

Lake Mburo National Park offers a range of accommodation options to suit various preferences and budgets. Here are some places to consider staying in and around Lake Mburo:

Mihingo Lodge: This upscale lodge offers luxury tented accommodation with stunning views of Lake Mburo and the park’s wildlife. It’s known for its beautiful architecture, excellent service, and its swimming pool.

Lake Mburo Safari Lodge: This lodge provides comfortable and spacious cottages overlooking the lake. It offers guided activities, including game drives and boat safaris.

Arcadia Cottages: Arcadia Cottages offers a mix of comfortable cottages and budget-friendly camping options.

Eagles Nest Lodge: This eco-friendly lodge features comfortable cottages and a restaurant serving a variety of cuisines. It’s situated on a hill, offering panoramic views of the park.

Rwakobo Rock: Located near the park’s entrance, Rwakobo Rock offers cozy cottages and a family-friendly atmosphere. The lodge has a swimming pool and organizes activities such as nature walks and cultural encounters.

Acacia Cottage: Acacia Cottage is a comfortable and affordable option located just outside the park’s boundaries. It offers cottages with en-suite bathrooms and a restaurant serving local and international dishes.

Igongo Cultural Centre: Situated near the park, this cultural center offers comfortable rooms, a museum showcasing Ankole culture, and a restaurant serving traditional Ugandan dishes.

Budget Camping: For those on a tight budget, there are campsite facilities within the park where you can pitch your own tent and enjoy the outdoors.

Guesthouses and homestays: In nearby communities, you can find guesthouses and homestays that provide a more authentic cultural experience while staying in comfortable accommodations.

Book a trip to Mburo today!

Embark on an unforgettable adventure to Lake Mburo National Park, where nature’s wonders and wildlife encounters await. Don’t miss your chance to explore the picturesque landscapes, witness diverse animal species, and immerse yourself in the rich history and culture of this unique Ugandan destination.

Start your journey today and discover the magic of Lake Mburo National Park.


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